過去の記録

過去の記録 ~10/21本日 10/22 | 今後の予定 10/23~

GCOEセミナー

13:30-14:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Nalini Joshi 氏 (University of Sydney)
Geometric asymptotics of the first Painleve equation (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will report on my recent collaboration with Hans Duistermaat on the geometry of the space of initial values of the first Painleve equation, which was first constructed by Okamoto. We show that highly accurate information about solutions can be found by utilizing the regularized and compactified space of initial values in Boutroux's coordinates. I will also describe numerical explorations based on this work obtained in collaboration with Holger Dullin.

古典解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
山川大亮 氏 (神戸大学)
Painleve第3方程式と箙多様体 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Painleve方程式の初期値空間を与える線型常微分方程式系のモジュライ空間は,2, 4, 5, 6型の場合,岡本Dynkin図に付随する中島箙多様体で記述できる事が知られている.
本講演では,Painleve第3方程式が持つ岡本対称性をヒントに,一般化された中間畳み込みを用いて,箙多様体をそれが持つ自然なWeyl群対称性と共に拡張する事を試みる.

2010年12月01日(水)

代数学コロキウム

16:30-18:45   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
星裕一郎 氏 (京都大学数理解析研究所) 16:30-17:30
On a problem of Matsumoto and Tamagawa concerning monodromic fullness of hyperbolic curves (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we will discuss the following problem posed by Makoto Matsumoto and Akio Tamagawa concerning monodromic fullness of hyperbolic curves.

For a hyperbolic curve X over a number field, are the following three conditions equivalent?
(A) For any prime number l, X is quasi-l-monodromically full.
(B) There exists a prime number l such that X is l-monodromically full.
(C) X is l-monodromically full for all but finitely many prime numbers l.

The property of being (quasi-)monodromically full may be regarded as an analogue for hyperbolic curves of the property of not admitting complex multiplication for elliptic curves, and the above equivalence may be regarded as an analogue for hyperbolic curves of the following result concerning the Galois representation on the Tate module of an elliptic curve over a number field proven by Jean-Pierre Serre.

For an elliptic curve E over a number field, the following four conditions are equivalent:
(0) E does not admit complex multiplication.
(1) For any prime number l, the image of the l-adic Galois representation associated to E is open.
(2) There exists a prime number l such that the l-adic Galois representation associated to E is surjective.
(3) The l-adic Galois representation associated to E is surjective for all but finitely many prime numbers l.

In this talk, I will present some results concerning the above problem in the case where the given hyperbolic curve is of genus zero. In particular, I will give an example of a hyperbolic curve of type (0,4) over a number field which satisfies condition (C) but does not satisfy condition (A).
Marco Garuti 氏 (University of Padova) 17:45-18:45
Galois theory for schemes (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss some aspects of finite group scheme actions: the Galois correspondence and the notion of Galois closure.

2010年11月30日(火)

数値解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
本セミナーは、グローバルCOE事業「数学新展開の研究教育拠点」(東京大学)の援助を受け、GCOEセミナーして行われています。
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/gcoe/index.html

青木康憲 氏 (University of Waterloo/国立情報学研究所)
楕円型偏微分方程式の特異解への有限体積要素法の有用性 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
有限体積要素法の利点として一般的には局所保存性があげられる。しかしながら当手法の特異点を持つ偏微分方程式の解への有用性に着目した研究はあまり見られない。本講演では、数値実験を通して有限体積要素法が特異点を持つ解の近似に適しているという我々の考えを説明したい。
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
中村 信裕 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Pin^-(2)-monopole equations and intersection forms with local coefficients of 4-manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We introduce a variant of the Seiberg-Witten equations, Pin^-(2)-monopole equations, and explain its applications to intersection forms with local coefficients of 4-manifolds.
The first application is an analogue of Froyshov's results on 4-manifolds which have definite forms with local coefficients.
The second one is a local coefficient version of Furuta's 10/8-inequality.
As a corollary, we construct nonsmoothable spin 4-manifolds satisfying Rohlin's theorem and the 10/8-inequality.

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Yi-Jun Yao 氏 (Fudan Univ.)
Noncommutative geometry and Rankin-Cohen brackets (ENGLISH)

2010年11月29日(月)

Kavli IPMU Komaba Seminar

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Scott Carnahan 氏 (IPMU)
Borcherds products in monstrous moonshine. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
During the 1980s, Koike, Norton, and Zagier independently found an
infinite product expansion for the difference of two modular j-functions
on a product of half planes. Borcherds showed that this product identity
is the Weyl denominator formula for an infinite dimensional Lie algebra
that has an action of the monster simple group by automorphisms, and used
this action to prove the monstrous moonshine conjectures.

I will describe a more general construction that yields an infinite
product identity and an infinite dimensional Lie algebra for each element
of the monster group. The above objects then arise as the special cases
assigned to the identity element. Time permitting, I will attempt to
describe a connection to conformal field theory.

代数幾何学セミナー

16:40-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
大橋 久範 氏 (名古屋大学大学院多元数理科学研究科)
K3 surfaces and log del Pezzo surfaces of index three (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Alexeev and Nikulin have classified log del Pezzo surfaces of index 1 and 2 by using the classification of non-symplectic involutions on K3 surfaces. We want to discuss the generalization of this result to the index 3 cases. In this case we are also able to construct log del Pezzos $Z$ from K3 surfaces $X$, but the converse is not necessarily true. The condition on $Z$ is exactly the "multiple smooth divisor property", which we will define. Our theorem is the classification of log del Pezzo surfaces of index 3 with this property.

The idea of the proof is similar to that of Alexeev and Nikulin, but the methods are different because of the existence of singularities: although the singularity is mild, the description of nef cone by reflection groups cannot be used. Instead
we construct and analyze good elliptic fibrations on K3 surfaces $X$ and use it to obtain the classification. It includes a partial but geometric generalization of the classification of non-symplectic automorphisms of order three, recently done by Artebani, Sarti and Taki.

2010年11月26日(金)

Kavli IPMU Komaba Seminar

14:40-16:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
松村 朝雄 氏 (Cornell University)
Hamiltonian torus actions on orbifolds and orbifold-GKM theorem (joint
work with T. Holm) (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
When a symplectic manifold M carries a Hamiltonian torus R action, the
injectivity theorem states that the R-equivariant cohomology of M is a
subring of the one of the fixed points and the GKM theorem allows us
to compute this subring by only using the data of 1-dimensional
orbits. The results in the first part of this talk are a
generalization of this technique to Hamiltonian R actions on orbifolds
and an application to the computation of the equivariant cohomology of
toric orbifolds. In the second part, we will introduce the equivariant
Chen-Ruan cohomology ring which is a symplectic invariant of the
action on the orbifold and explain the injectivity/GKM theorem for this ring.

2010年11月25日(木)

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
戸松玲治 氏 (東京理科大)
Kac 環の作用の分類 (JAPANESE)

2010年11月18日(木)

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Jean Roydor 氏 (Univ. Tokyo)
Perturbation of dual operator algebras and similarity (ENGLISH)

2010年11月17日(水)

代数学コロキウム

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
原瀬 晋 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
F_2-線形擬似乱数発生法の評価に用いる格子の簡約基底計算の高速化 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
(部分的に松本眞氏、斎藤睦夫氏との共同研究)
擬似乱数発生法とは、あたかも乱数であるかのようにふるまう数列を、計算機上で
決定的なアルゴリズムにより発生する方法のことである。擬似乱数を評価する規準
の一つとして、高次元均等分布性がしばしば用いられる。メルセンヌツイスター法
を含む二元体上の線形擬似乱数発生法に対しては、上位ビットの均等分布の次元を
具体的に計算することが可能であり、擬似乱数の出力列から構成したある格子の簡
約基底を求める問題(二元体係数形式的冪級数体の数の幾何)に帰着される(Couture-
L'Ecuyer-Tezuka(1993)およびTezuka(1994))。本研究では、前述の格子を用いた
計算法を発展させ、
(i) 冪級数成分の格子点を擬似乱数発生器の状態ベクトルで表現する、
(ii) 射影を用いてv次元簡約基底からv-1次元簡約基底を計算する、
(iii) 効率的な格子簡約アルゴリズムを適用する、
などの手法を導入し、均等分布の次元計算の高速化を提案する。この方法は、
Couture-L'Ecuyer(2000)による双対格子を用いた改良よりも計算量が少なく、計算機
実験でも10倍程度の高速化が得られたことを紹介する。この結果は、ワードサイズの
大きな擬似乱数発生法の設計や擬似乱数の並列発生スキームなどへの応用が考えられる。

2010年11月16日(火)

数値解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
本セミナーは、グローバルCOE事業「数学新展開の研究教育拠点」(東京大学)の援助を受け、GCOEセミナーして行われています。
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/gcoe/index.html

劉雪峰 氏 (早稲田大学/CREST, JST)
任意多角形領域上での楕円型作用素に対する精度保証付き評価 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
伊藤 昇 氏 (早稲田大学)
On a colored Khovanov bicomplex (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Jones 多項式の Khovanov ホモロジーと関連理論が近年活発に
研究されている.Jons 多項式の一般化である colored Jones多項式についても
Khovanov により対応するコホモロジーが導入され,特に Mackaay と Turner
や Beliakova とWehrli の研究を通し発展した.しかし,このコホモロジーが持つ
2つの境界作用素によって,Khovanov型の複体で2重複体となるものが構成
できるのかは問題として残されていた.もしあるならば Khovanov 型のホモロジーが
Total complexのコホモロジーに収束するスペクトル系列の第2項として理解される.
この問題意識は Beliakova と Wehliの論文によって紹介された.今回はそれに
対して一つの答えを与える.また似た文脈で colored Jones 多項式の別のスペクトル
系列からは絡み目のcolored Rasmussen 不変量が自然に出てくることも時間が許せば
紹介したい.

代数幾何学セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
いつもと曜日・時間・場所が異なります
Viacheslav Nikulin 氏 (Univ Liverpool and Steklov Moscow)
Self-corresponences of K3 surfaces via moduli of sheaves (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In series of our papers with Carlo Madonna (2002--2008) we described self-correspondences via moduli of sheaves with primitive isotropic Mukai vectors for K3 surfaces with Picard number one or two. Here, we give a natural and functorial answer to the same problem for arbitrary Picard number of K3 surfaces. As an application, we characterize in terms of self-correspondences via moduli of sheaves K3 surfaces with reflective Picard lattices, that is when the automorphism group of the lattice is generated by reflections up to finite index. See some details in arXiv:0810.2945.

代数幾何学セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Viacheslav Nikulin 氏 (Univ Liverpool and Steklov Moscow)
Self-corresponences of K3 surfaces via moduli of sheaves (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In series of our papers with Carlo Madonna (2002--2008) we described self-correspondences via moduli of sheaves with primitive isotropic Mukai vectors for K3 surfaces with Picard number one or two. Here, we give a natural and functorial answer to the same problem for arbitrary Picard number of K3 surfaces. As an application, we characterize in terms of self-correspondences via moduli of sheaves K3 surfaces with reflective Picard lattices, that is when the automorphism group of the lattice is generated by reflections up to finite index. See some details in arXiv:0810.2945.

解析学火曜セミナー

16:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
GCOE miniworkshopと合同
打越敬祐 氏 (防衛大学) 16:00-16:45
Hyperfunctions and vortex sheets (ENGLISH)
L. Boutet de Monvel 氏 (University of Paris 6) 17:00-18:30
Residual trace and equivariant asymptotic trace of Toeplitz operators (ENGLISH)

2010年11月15日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
諏訪 立雄 氏 (北大理*)
Excess intersections and residues in improper dimension (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
This talk concerns localization of characteristic classes and associated residues, in the context of intersection theory and residue theory of singular holomorphic foliations. The localization comes from the vanishing of certain characteristic forms, usually caused by the existence of some geometric object, away from the "singular set" of the object. This gives rise to residues in the homology of the singular set and residue theorems relating local and global invariants. In the generic situation, i.e., if the dimension of the singular set is "proper", we have a reasonable understanding of the residues. We indicate how to cope with the problem when the dimension is "excessive" (partly a joint work with F. Bracci).

代数幾何学セミナー

16:40-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
吉冨 修平 氏 (東大数理)
Generators of tropical modules (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We study polytopes in a tropical projective space $X$. By Joswig and Kulas, a real convex polytope in $X$ is a tropical simplex, and therefore it is the tropically convex hull of at most $n+1$ points. We show a generalization of this result. It is given using tropical modules and its dual modules. The main interest is
the number of generators of a tropical module.

2010年11月09日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:40 - 17:00 コモンルーム
大鹿 健一 氏 (大阪大学)
Characterising bumping points on deformation spaces of Kleinian groups (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Klein群の変形空間はその内部の相異なる成分がbump,あるいは同一成分が bumpすることがあることが知られている.
Anderson-Canary-McCulloughの研究により,いかなる成分がbumpするかはわかっている.
本講演ではどのような点でbumpするのかの条件を与える.

2010年11月08日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
辻 元 氏 (上智大学)
Variation of canonical measures under Kaehler deformations (JAPANESE)

GCOEレクチャーズ

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Michael Eastwood 氏 (Australian National University)
Invariant differential operators on the sphere (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The circle is acted upon by the rotation group SO(2) and there are plenty of differential operators invariant under this action. But the circle is also acted upon by SL(2,R) and this larger symmetry group cuts down the list of invariant differential operators to something smaller but more interesting! I shall explain what happens and how this phenomenon generalises to spheres. These constructions are part of a general theory but have numerous unexpected applications, for example in suggesting a new stable finite-element scheme in linearised elasticity (due to Arnold, Falk, and Winther).
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar2010.html#20101102eastwood

2010年11月05日(金)

GCOEレクチャーズ

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Michael Eastwood 氏 (Australian National University)
How to recognise the geodesics of a metric connection (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The geodesics on a Riemannian manifold form a distinguished family of curves, one in every direction through every point. Sometimes two metrics can provide the same family of curves: the Euclidean metric and the round metric on the hemisphere have this property. It is also possible that a family of curves does not arise from a metric at all. Following a classical procedure due to Roger Liouville, I shall explain how to tell these cases apart on a surface. This is joint work with Robert Bryant and Maciej Dunajski.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar2010.html#20101102eastwood

2010年11月04日(木)

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
緒方芳子 氏 (東大数理)
Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics (JAPANESE)

講演会

10:40-12:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Jean Meyer 氏, 久松康子 氏 (BNPパリバ証券キャピタルマーケッツ・リスク管理部)
Market, Liquidity and Counterparty Risk (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
1. Introduction to the market risk

- Introduction to the Risk Management
in the Financial institutions
- Overview of the main market risks

2. Market & Liquidity Risks –Basics

-Presentation of the main Greeks
-Focus on volatility risk
-Focus on correlation risk
-Conclusion (common features of the market risks)

3. Risk measure

- Stress test
- Value at risk
- Risks measure for counterparty risk

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