過去の記録

過去の記録 ~05/20本日 05/21 | 今後の予定 05/22~

2011年11月16日(水)

複素解析幾何セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Franc Forstneric 氏 (University of Ljubljana)
Disc functionals and Siciak-Zaharyuta extremal functions on singular varieties (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
A disc functional on a complex space, $X$, is a function P that assign a real number $P(f)$ (possibly minus infinity) to every analytic disc $f$ in $X$. An examples is the Poisson functional $P_u$ of an upper semicontinuous function $u$ on $X$: in that case $P_u(f)$ is the average of u over the boundary curve of the disc $f$. Other natural examples include the Lelong and the Riesz functionals. The envelope of a disc functional $P$ is a function on $X$ associating to every point $x$ of $X$ the infimum of the values $P(f)$ over all analytic discs $f$ in $X$ satisfying $f(0)=x$. The main point of interest is that the envelopes of many natural disc functionals are plurisubharmonic functions solving certain extremal problems. In the classical case when $X=\mathbf{C}^n$ this was first discovered by E. Poletsky in the early 1990's. In this talk I will discuss recent results on plurisubharmonicity of envelopes of all the classical disc functional mentioned above on locally irreducible complex spaces. In the second part of the talk I will give formulas expressing the classical Siciak-Zaharyuta maximal function of an open set in an affine algebraic variety as the envelope of certain disc functionals. We establish plurisubharmonicity of envelopes of certain classical disc functionals on locally irreducible complex spaces, thereby generalizing the corresponding results for complex manifolds. We also find new formulae expressing the Siciak-Zaharyuta extremal function of an open set in a locally irreducible affine algebraic variety as the envelope of certain disc functionals, similarly to what has been done for open sets in $\mathbf{C}^n$ by Lempert and by Larusson and Sigurdsson.

GCOEセミナー

10:00-11:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 270号室
Alfred Ramani 氏 (Ecole Polytechnique)
All you never really wanted to know about QRT, but were foolhardy enough to ask (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss various extensions of the famous QRT second order, first degree, integrable mapping. We show how these extensions can be combined. A discussion of integrable correspondences related to these extended QRT mappings is also presented.

2011年11月15日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Francois Laudenbach 氏 (Univ. de Nantes)
Singular codimension-one foliations
and twisted open books in dimension 3.
(joint work with G. Meigniez)
(ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The allowed singularities are those of functions.
According to A. Haefliger (1958),
such structures on manifolds, called $\\Gamma_1$-structures,
are objects of a cohomological
theory with a classifying space $B\\Gamma_1$.
The problem of cancelling the singularities
(or regularization problem)
arise naturally.
For a closed manifold, it was solved by W.Thurston in a famous paper
(1976), with a proof relying on Mather's isomorphism (1971):
Diff$^\\infty(\\mathbb R)$ as a discrete group has the same homology
as the based loop space
$\\Omega B\\Gamma_1^+$.
For further extension to contact geometry, it is necessary
to solve the regularization problem
without using Mather's isomorphism.
That is what we have done in dimension 3. Our result is the following.

{\\it Every $\\Gamma_1$-structure $\\xi$ on a 3-manifold $M$ whose
normal bundle
embeds into the tangent bundle to $M$ is $\\Gamma_1$-homotopic
to a regular foliation
carried by a (possibily twisted) open book.}

The proof is elementary and relies on the dynamics of a (twisted)
pseudo-gradient of $\\xi$.

All the objects will be defined in the talk, in particular the notion
of twisted open book which is a central object in the reported paper.


Lie群論・表現論セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Laurant Demonet 氏 (Nagoya University)
Categorification of cluster algebras arising from unipotent subgroups of non-simply laced Lie groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We introduce an abstract framework to categorify some antisymetrizable cluster algebras by using actions of finite groups on stably 2-Calabi-Yau exact categories. We introduce the notion of the equivariant category and, with similar technics as in [K], [CK], [GLS1], [GLS2], [DK], [FK], [P], we construct some examples of such categorifications. For example, if we let Z/2Z act on the category of representations of the preprojective algebra of type A2n-1 via the only non trivial action on the diagram, we obtain the cluster structure on the coordinate ring of the maximal unipotent subgroup of the semi-simple Lie group of type Bn [D]. Hence, we can get relations between the cluster algebras categorified by some exact subcategories of these two categories. We also prove by the same methods as in [FK] a conjecture of Fomin and Zelevinsky stating that the cluster monomials are linearly independent.

References
[CK] P. Caldero, B. Keller, From triangulated categories to cluster algebras, Invent. Math. 172 (2008), no. 1, 169--211.
[DK] R. Dehy, B. Keller, On the combinatorics of rigid objects in 2-Calabi-Yau categories, arXiv: 0709.0882.
[D] L. Demonet, Cluster algebras and preprojective algebras: the non simply-laced case, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. I 346 (2008), 379--384.
[FK] C. Fu, B. Keller, On cluster algebras with coefficients and 2-Calabi-Yau categories, arXiv: 0710.3152.
[GLS1] C. Geiss, B. Leclerc, J. Schröer, Rigid modules over preprojective algebras, Invent. Math. 165 (2006), no. 3, 589--632.
[GLS2] C. Geiss, B. Leclerc, J. Schröer, Cluster algebra structures and semicanoncial bases for unipotent groups, arXiv: math/0703039.
[K] B. Keller, Categorification of acyclic cluster algebras: an introduction, arXiv: 0801.3103.
[P] Y. Palu, Cluster characters for triangulated 2-Calabi--Yau categories, arXiv: math/0703540.

2011年11月14日(月)

GCOEレクチャーズ

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 470号室
Oleg Emanouilov 氏 (Colorado State University)
Recovery of weakly coupled system from partial Cauchy data (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider the inverse problem for recovery of coefficients of weakly coupled system of elliptic equations in a bounded 2D domain.

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
渡辺 究 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
On projective manifolds swept out by cubic varieties (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The structures of embedded complex projective manifolds swept out by varieties with preassigned properties have been studied by several authors. In this talk, we study structures of embedded projective manifolds swept out by cubic varieties.

2011年11月10日(木)

GCOEレクチャーズ

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Oleg Emanouilov 氏 (Colorado State University)
Inverse boundary value problem for Schroedinger equation in two dimensions (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We relax the regularity condition on potentials of Schroedinger equations in uniqueness results on the inverse boundary value problem recently proved in A.Bukhgeim (2008) and O. Imanuvilov, G.Uhlmann and M. Yamamoto (2010).

応用解析セミナー

15:00-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
今回はダブルヘッダーのため,開始時間が通常と異なりますのでご注意ください.
森洋一朗 氏 (ミネソタ大学)
電解質および浸透圧調節の細胞生理学とその数理モデル (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
細胞体積とイオン濃度の調節は細胞生理学、特に上皮細胞の生理学
において中心的な課題である。細胞体積調節を記述する標準的な数理
モデルはpump-leak model と呼ばれ、数学的には常微分方程式に
代数的な拘束条件の加わった系である。60年代から現在に至るまで
多くの研究者が用いてきたにもかかわらず、その数理的な性質は全く
知られていなかった。本講演では、pump-leak model には熱力学的な
構造があることを解説し、これを利用することで最近得られた解析的な
結果を紹介する。さらにpump-leak model を拡張して得られる偏微分
方程式系とその熱力学的構造について解説する。

応用解析セミナー

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
この日はダブルヘッダーです。
Bernold Fiedler 氏 (Free University of Berlin)
Schoenflies spheres in Sturm attractors (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In gradient systems on compact manifolds the boundary of the unstable manifold of an equilibrium need not be homeomorphic to a sphere, or to any compact manifold.
For scalar parabolic equations in one space dimension, however, we can exlude complications like Reidemeister torsion and the Alexander horned sphere. Instead the boundary is a Schoenflies embedded sphere. This is due to Sturm nodal properties related to the Matano lap number.

2011年11月09日(水)

代数学コロキウム

18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
いつもと時間が異なりますのでご注意下さい.
志甫 淳 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
On extension and restriction of overconvergent isocrystals (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
First we explain two theorems concerning (log) extension of overconvergent isocrystals. One is a p-adic analogue of the theorem of logarithmic extension of regular integrable connections, and the other is a p-adic analogue of Zariski-Nagata purity. Next we explain a theorem which says that we can check certain property of overconvergent isocrystals by restricting them to curves.

(本講演は「東京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として、インターネットによる東大数理とIHESとの双方向同時中継で行います。)

2011年11月08日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
與倉 昭治 氏 (鹿児島大学)
Fiberwise bordism groups and related topics (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We have recently introduced the notion of fiberwise bordism. In this talk, after a quick review of some of the classical (co)bordism theories, we will explain motivations of considering fiberwise bordism and some results and connections with other known works, such as M. Kreck's bordism groups of orientation preserving diffeomorphisms and Emerson-Meyer's bivariant K-theory etc. An essential motivation is our recent work towards constructing a bivariant-theoretic analogue (in the sense of Fulton-MacPherson) of Levine-Morel's or Levine-Pandharipande's algebraic cobordism.

解析学火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
寺澤 祐高 氏 (東京大数理(日本学術振興会特別研究員PD))
確率的摂動項を持つ冪乗法則流体方程式の弱解の存在と 一意性について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
本講演では、非圧縮性非ニュートン流体の運動を記述する
偏微分方程式に加法的確率的摂動項を加えた確率偏微分方程式 の弱解
の存在と一意性について考察する。 非ニュートン流体としては、粘性
が変形速度テンソルの大きさの冪乗 の形で依存する冪乗法則流体を考
察し、確率的摂動項としては 有色雑音を考察する。 Necas-Malek-
Ruzicka('93)において、確率的外力項を伴わない、 決定方程式に関し
て示された弱解の存在と一意性の主張を、 確率的摂動項を持つ方程式
に対して示す。 解の存在の証明は、ガレルキン近似によって得られた
解の列に対して、 伊藤の公式、Birkholder-Davis-Gundyの不等式など
により、 解の列のコンパクト性を示すこと及び、解の部分列が収束し
、 その収束先が方程式を弱い意味で満たすことを示すことでなされる。
なお、本講演は、吉田伸生氏(京都大学)との共同研究に基づく。

諸分野のための数学研究会

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 052号室
北海道大学のHPには、第1回(2005年6月22日)~第22回(2009年2月18日)までの情報が掲載されております。
Ralph Bruckschen 氏 (ベルリン工科大学、MATHEON)
Interactive Data Visualization challenges, approaches and examples (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Data visualization is probably the most important method to analyze scientific datasets. In the time of petaflop supercomputers and high resolution sensors, the visualization of such datasets became a challenge because of the sheer magnitude. Using the latest technology I will describe some of the challenges and approaches to visualize large and massive datasets. The main bottle necks will be explained, as some algorithms and data structures to widen them. Finally I will show some examples of data visualization using a CAVE environment and virtual prototyping from the 3D Labor at the Technical University of Berlin.

2011年11月07日(月)

GCOEレクチャーズ

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 470号室
Oleg Emanouilov 氏 (Colorado State University)
Inverse boundary value problem for Schroedinger equation in two dimensions (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We relax the regularity condition on potentials of Schroedinger equations in uniqueness results on the inverse boundary value problem recently proved in A.Bukhgeim (2008) and O. Imanuvilov, G.Uhlmann and M. Yamamoto (2010).

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
伊藤 敦 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
Okounkov bodies and Seshadri constants (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Okounkov bodies, which are convex bodies associated to big line bundles, have rich information of the line bundles. On the other hand, Seshadri constants are invariants which measure the positivities of line bundles. In this talk, I will explain a relation between Okounkov bodies and Seshadri constants.

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
野口潤次郎 氏 (東大数理)
岡の余零問題と関連する話題について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The main part of this talk is a joint work with my colleagues, M. Abe and S. Hamano. After the solution of Cousin II problem by K. Oka III in 1939, he thought an extra-zero problem in 1945 (his posthumous paper) asking if it is possible to solve an arbitrarily given Cousin II problem adding some extra-zeros whose support is disjoint from the given one. Some special case was affirmatively confirmed in dimension two and a counter-example in dimension three or more was obtained. We will give a complete solution of this problem with examples and to discuss some new questions. An example on a toric variety of which idea is based on K. Stein's paper in 1941 has some special interest and will be discussed. I would like also to discuss some analytic intersections form the viewpoint of Nevanlinna theory.

2011年11月04日(金)

談話会・数理科学講演会

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
旧記録は、上記セミナーURLにあります。
お茶&Coffee&お菓子: 16:00~16:30 (コモンルーム)。

金井 雅彦 氏 (東京大学・数理科学研究科)
複比を巡って (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
複比 (cross ratio) は二千年にもおよぶ歴史を有すると言われているが,
このわずか二十年少々の間にも複比に関する新たなそして重要な発見が
少なからずなされている.どうやら,わたしたちの複比に関する理解は
いまだに限られているようである.そのような現状について,個人的な
興味を交えてお話したい.

2011年11月02日(水)

代数学コロキウム

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
金城 謙作 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
Hypergeometric series and arithmetic-geometric mean over 2-adic fields (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Dwork proved that the Gaussian hypergeometric function on p-adic numbers
can be extended to a function which takes values of the unit roots of
ordinary elliptic curves over a finite field of characteristic p>2.
We present an analogous theory in the case p=2.
As an application, we give a relation between the canonical lift
and the unit root of an elliptic curve over a finite field of
characteristic 2
by using the 2-adic arithmetic-geometric mean.

2011年11月01日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
竹内 潔 氏 (筑波大学)
Motivic Milnor fibers and Jordan normal forms of monodromies (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We introduce a method to calculate the equivariant
Hodge-Deligne numbers of toric hypersurfaces.
Then we apply it to motivic Milnor
fibers introduced by Denef-Loeser and study the Jordan
normal forms of the local and global monodromies
of polynomials maps in various situations.
Especially we focus our attention on monodromies
at infinity studied by many people. The results will be
explicitly described by the ``convexity" of
the Newton polyhedra of polynomials. This is a joint work
with Y. Matsui and A. Esterov.

2011年10月31日(月)

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
藤野 修 氏 (京都大学理学系研究科)
Minimal model theory for log surfaces (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss the log minimal model theory for log sur- faces. We show that the log minimal model program, the finite generation of log canonical rings, and the log abundance theorem for log surfaces hold true under assumptions weaker than the usual framework of the log minimal model theory.

PDE実解析研究会

13:30-14:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
北海道大学のHPには、第1回(2004年9月29日)~第38回(2008年10月15日)までの情報が掲載されております。
Horst Heck
(Technische Universität Darmstadt)
Stationary Weak Solutions of the Navier-Stokes Equations Past an Obstacle (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Consider the stationary Navier-Stokes equations in an exterior smooth domain $\\Omega$. If the flow condition $u_\\infty$ for $u$ at infinity is non-zero and the external force $f\\in \\dot H^{-1}_2(\\Omega)$ is given Leray constructed a weak solution $u\\in \\dot H^1_2(\\Omega)$, the homogeneous Sobolev space, with $u-u_\\infty\\in L^6(\\Omega)$.
We show that if in addition $f\\in \\dot H^{-1}_q(\\Omega)$ for some $q\\in (4/3,4)$ then the weak solution has the property $u-u_\\infty\\in L^{4q/(4-q)}(\\Omega)$.
This additional integrability implies that $u$ satisfies the energy identity. Further consequences are uniqueness results for small $u_\\infty$ and $f$ and continuous dependence of the solution with respect to $u_\\infty$.
The presented results are joint work with Hyunseok Kim and Hideo Kozono.

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
本多宣博 氏 (東北大学)
Classification of Moishezon twistor spaces on 4CP^2 (JAPANESE)

2011年10月29日(土)

東京無限可積分系セミナー

11:00-14:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 117号室
Alexander Orlov 氏 (Nonlinear Wave Processes Laboratory, Oceanology Institute (Moscow)) 11:00-12:00
CKP Hierarchy, Bosonic Tau Function, Bosonization Formulae and Orthogonal Polynomials both in Odd and Even Variables
(based on a joint work with Johan van de Leur and Takahiro Shiota) (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We develop the theory of CKP hierarchy introduced in the papers of Kyoto school where the CKP tau function is written as a vacuum expectation value in terms of free bosons. We show that a sort of odd currents naturaly appear. We consider bosonization formulae which relate bosonic Fock vectors to polynomials in even and odd Grassmannian variables, where both sets play a role of higher times.
増田恭穂 氏 (神戸大学) 13:30-14:30
van Diejenの$q$差分作用素に対する核関係式と
多重$q$超幾何級数の変換公式 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
$BC$型のCauchy型核関数がKoornwinderの$q$差分作用素に対して, ある関係式を満たすことが知られている. 本講演ではこの結果を一般化して, 核関数とvan Diejenの$q$差分作用素族との関係を述べる. また,この関係式から現れる2種類の多重$q$超幾何級数の変換公式を紹介する.

2011年10月26日(水)

統計数学セミナー

15:00-16:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 000号室
本セミナーはITスタジオで開かれます.参加希望の方は事前に東大数理 鎌谷研吾( kengok at ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp)までお問い合わせください.
清 智也 氏 (慶應義塾大学 理工学部 数理科学科)
定常な最適輸送写像から作られる統計モデル (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
輸送問題とは,2つの確率分布とコスト関数が与えられたときに,総輸>送コストを
最小化する最適化問題である.これに対し,2つの定常過程を考えた場合の
輸送コストの定義が Gray, Neuhoff and Shields (1975) によって与えられている.
本講演では,このような定常過程間の輸送問題について,特にコスト関数が
ユークリッド距離の二乗の場合に対し,決定論的な解(最適輸送写像)が
存在するための十分条件を示す.
また,この事実に関連した,定常時系列モデルを紹介する.
本研究の一部は,Ludger Rueschendorf 教授との共同研究である
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~kengok/statseminar/2011/04.html

2011年10月25日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Andrei Pajitnov 氏 (Univ. de Nantes, Univ. of Tokyo)
Circle-valued Morse theory for complex hyperplane arrangements (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let A be a complex hyperplane arrangement
in an n-dimensional complex vector space V.
Denote by H the union of the hyperplanes
and by M the complement to H in V.

We develop the real-valued and circle-valued Morse
theory on M. We prove that if A is essential then
M has the homotopy type of a space
obtained from a finite n-dimensional
CW complex fibered over a circle,
by attaching several cells of dimension n.

We compute the Novikov homology of M and show
that its structure is similar to the
homology with generic local coefficients:
it vanishes for all dimensions except n.

This is a joint work with Toshitake Kohno.

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