過去の記録

過去の記録 ~08/17本日 08/18 | 今後の予定 08/19~

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
金光 秋博 氏 (東大数理)
Classification of Mukai pairs with corank 3 (English or Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
A Mukai pair $(X,E)$ is a pair of a Fano manifold $X$ and an ample vector bundle $E$ of rank $r$ on $X$ such that $c_1(X)=c_1(E)$. Study of such pairs was proposed by Mukai. It is known that, for a Mukai pair $(X,E)$, the rank $r$ of the bundle $E$ is at most $\dim X +1$, and Mukai conjectured the explicit
classification with $r \geq \dim X$. The above conjecture was solved independently by Fujita, Peternell and Ye-Zhang. Also the classification of Mukai pairs with $r= \dim X -1$ was given by Peternell-Szurek-Wi\'sniewski. In this talk I will give the classification of Mukai pairs with $r= \dim X -2$ and $\dim X \geq 5$.

2017年10月06日(金)

談話会・数理科学講演会

15:30-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
宮地晶彦 氏 (東京女子大学)
調和解析における特異積分と実関数論の方法 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
フーリエ級数の収束など古典的な調和解析の問題の多くは、
特異積分の評価の問題に帰着される。特異積分を調べる
実関数論の方法で繰り返し現れるのは最大関数と2乗型関数である。
講演では、特異積分の評価に関わる古典的な方法を振り返りながら、
双線形の特異積分など最近の話題の一端を紹介してみたい。
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://lab.twcu.ac.jp/miyachi/English.html

2017年10月03日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Athanase Papadopoulos 氏 (IRMA, Université de Strasbourg)
Transitional geometry (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will describe transitions, that is, paths between hyperbolic and spherical geometry, passing through the Euclidean. This is based on joint work with Norbert A’Campo and recent joint work with A’Campo and Yi Huang.

2017年10月02日(月)

作用素環セミナー

16:45-18:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Mikael Pichot 氏 (RIMS, Kyoto Univ./McGill Univ.)
Introduction to intermediate rank geometry (English)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
千葉 優作 氏 (お茶の水女子大学)
The extension of holomorphic functions on a non-pluriharmonic locus
[ 講演概要 ]
Let $n \geq 4$ and let $\Omega$ be a bounded hyperconvex domain in $\mathbb{C}^{n}$. Let $\varphi$ be a negative exhaustive smooth plurisubharmonic function on $\Omega$. In this talk, we show that any holomorphic function defined on a connected open neighborhood of the support of $(i\partial \overline{\partial}\varphi)^{n-3}$ can be extended to the holomorphic function on $\Omega$.

2017年09月27日(水)

代数学コロキウム

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
加藤和也 氏 (University of Chicago)
Height functions for motives, Hodge analogues, and Nevanlinna analogues (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We compare height functions for (1) points of an algebraic variety over a number field, (2) motives over a number field, (3) variations of Hodge structure with log degeneration on a projective smooth curve over the complex number field, (4) horizontal maps from the complex plane C to a toroidal partial compactification of the period domain. Usual Nevanlinna theory uses height functions for (5) holomorphic maps f from C to a compactification of an agebraic variety V and considers how often the values of f lie outside V. Vojta compares (1) and (5). In (4), V is replaced by a period domain. The comparisons of (1)--(4) provide many new questions to study.

2017年09月26日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00, Lie群論・表現論セミナーと合同
関口 英子 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Representations of Semisimple Lie Groups and Penrose Transform (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The classical Penrose transform is generalized to an intertwining operator on Dolbeault cohomologies of complex homogeneous spaces $X$ of (real) semisimple Lie groups.

I plan to discuss a detailed analysis when $X$ is an indefinite Grassmann manifold.

To be more precise, we determine the image of the Penrose transform, from the Dolbeault cohomology group on the indefinite Grassmann manifold consisting of maximally positive $k$-planes in ${\mathbb{C}}^{p,q}$ ($1 \le k \le \min(p,q)$) to the space of holomorphic functions over the bounded symmetric domain.

Furthermore, we prove that there is a duality between Dolbeault cohomology groups in two indefinite Grassmann manifolds,
namely, that of positive $k$-planes and that of negative $k$-planes.

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
トポロジー火曜セミナーと合同
関口英子 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Representations of Semisimple Lie Groups and Penrose Transform (Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
The classical Penrose transform is generalized to an intertwining operator on Dolbeault cohomologies of complex homogeneous spaces $X$ of (real) semisimple Lie groups.

I plan to discuss a detailed analysis when $X$ is an indefinite Grassmann manifold.

To be more precise, we determine the image of the Penrose transform, from the Dolbeault cohomology group on the indefinite Grassmann manifold consisting of maximally positive $k$-planes in ${\mathbb{C}}^{p,q}$ ($1 \le k \le \min(p,q)$) to the space of holomorphic functions over the bounded symmetric domain.

Furthermore, we prove that there is a duality between Dolbeault cohomology groups in two indefinite Grassmann manifolds, namely, that of positive $k$-planes and that of negative $k$-planes.

2017年09月25日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Christophe Mourougane 氏 (Université de Rennes 1)
Asymptotics of $L^2$ and Quillen metrics in degenerations of Calabi-Yau varieties
[ 講演概要 ]
It is a joint work with Dennis Eriksson and Gerard Freixas i Montplet.
Our first motivation is to give a metric analogue of Kodaira's canonical bundle formula for elliptic surfaces, in the case of families of Calabi-Yau varieties. We consider degenerations of complex projective Calabi-Yau varieties and study the singularities of $L^2$, Quillen and BCOV metrics on Hodge and determinant bundles. The dominant and subdominant terms in the expansions of the metrics close to non-smooth fibres are shown to be related to well-known topological invariants of singularities, such as limit Hodge structures, vanishing cycles and log-canonical thresholds.

2017年09月11日(月)

講演会

15:30-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Jean Zinn-Justin 氏 (CEA Saclay)
3D field theories with Chern-Simons term for large N in the Weyl gauge
(ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
ADS/CFT correspondance has led to a number of conjectures concerning, conformal invariant, U(N) symmetric 3D field theories with Chern-Simons term for N large. An example is boson-fermion duality. This has prompted a number of calculations to shed extra light on the ADS/CFT correspondance.
We study here the example of gauge invariant fermion matter coupled to a Chern-Simons term. In contrast with previous calculations, which employ the light-cone gauge, we use the more conventional temporal gauge. We calculate several gauge invariant correlation functions. We consider general massive matter and determine the conditions for conformal invariance. We compare massless results with previous calculations, providing a check of gauge independence.
We examine also the possibility of spontaneous breaking of scale invariance and show that this requires the addition of an auxiliary scalar field.
Our method is based on field integral and steepest descent. The saddle point equations involve non-local fields and take the form of a set of integral equations that we solve exactly.

2017年08月30日(水)

博士論文発表会

10:00-11:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
佐藤 僚 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Modular invariant representations over the N=2 superconformal algebra
(モジュラー不変性をもつN=2 超共形代数の表現について) (JAPANESE)

2017年08月25日(金)

博士論文発表会

11:00-12:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
CLINET, Simon 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Statistical inference for point processes and application to Limit Order Book
(点過程に対する統計的推測及びリミットオーダーブックへの応用) (ENGLISH)

2017年08月23日(水)

統計数学セミナー

13:30-14:40   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 052号室
Sebastian Holtz 氏 (Humboldt University of Berlin)
Covariation estimation from noisy Gaussian observations:equivalence, efficiency and estimation
[ 講演概要 ]
In this work the estimation of functionals of the quadratic covariation matrix from a discretely observed Gaussian path on [0,1] under noise is discussed and analysed on a large scale. At first asymptotic equivalence in Le Cam's sense is established to link the initial high-frequency model to its continuous counterpart. Then sharp asymptotic lower bounds for a general class of parametric basic case models, including the fractional Brownian motion, are derived. These bounds are generalised to the nonparametric and even random parameter setup for certain special cases, e.g. Itô processes. Finally, regular sequences of spectral estimators are constructed that obey the derived efficiency statements.

2017年07月28日(金)

作用素環セミナー

16:45-18:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Benoit Collins 氏 (京大理)
Free orthogonal groups and quantum information (English)

博士論文発表会

14:00-15:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
江尻 祥 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Studies on algebraic fiber spaces in positive characteristic
(正標数の代数的ファイバー空間に関する研究) (JAPANESE)

博士論文発表会

15:45-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
金光 秋博 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Studies on Fano manifolds and vector bundles
(Fano多様体とベクトル束の研究) (JAPANESE)

2017年07月25日(火)

博士論文発表会

15:00-16:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
桑垣 樹 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
The nonequivariant coherent-constructible correspondence for toric stacks
(トーリックスタックにおける連接-構成可能対応) (JAPANESE)

2017年07月21日(金)

社会数理コロキウム

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
17:30から 2階コモンルームで講演者を囲んで情報交換会を予定しております。
藤原 洋 氏 (株式会社ブロードバンドタワー 代表取締役会長兼社長CEO)
数理科学を原理とする第4次産業革命 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
第1次産業革命は、力学を原理としてイギリスで生まれた紡績機械・蒸気機関・石炭製鉄の発明で、海運業・鉄道業というサービス産業を産み出した。第2次産業革命は、化学反応を原理として、ドイツで生まれた物質科学による内燃機関の発明によってアメリカで発展したもので、自動車物流・電力供給というサービス産業を産み出した。第3次産業革命は、量子物理学を原理として、アメリカで生まれた通信・コンピュータ・半導体の発明によって金融・流通というサービス産業を革新的に発展させた。このように、産業革命とは、ものづくりがサービスと連携することにその本質がある。すなわち、第2次産業と第3次産業との連携にその本質がある。
そこで、第4次産業革命を数理科学を原理とする「デジタル・トランスフォーメーション革命」と捉え、従来成立しているあらゆる産業をデジタル化すること、すなわちビジネスモデルを転換する新たな産業革命であると考えることが重要である。
本講義では、この新たな産業革命は、IoT/ビッグデータ/AI(人工知能)とこれを支える数理科学の役割について述べることとする。
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSP_colloquium20170721.pdf

2017年07月18日(火)

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
呼子 笛太郎 氏 (東北大理)
On a generalization of Frobenius-splitting and a lifting problem of Calabi-Yau varieties (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we introduce a notion of Frobenius-splitting height which quantifies Frobenius-splitting varieties and show that a Calabi-Yau variety of finite height over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic admits a flat lifting to the ring of Witt vectors of length two.

PDE実解析研究会

10:30-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
米田 剛 氏 (東京大学)
軸対称非圧縮Euler方程式の或る瞬間爆発について (日本語)
[ 講演概要 ]
本講演では、軸対称非圧縮Euler方程式の瞬間爆発についての結果を報告する。より具体的には、$C^{2,\alpha}$ ($0<\alpha<1$)に入る初期速度場に対応する解が、任意の$T$における$C^1([0,T):C^2)$には入らないという定理を紹介する。定理の証明には、特異積分作用素の$L^\infty$-非有界性は一切使わず、代わりにFrenet-Serret formulasやorthonormal moving frameといった幾何学的概念を本質的に使う。時間があれば、この洞察の物理的背景も紹介したい。

2017年07月13日(木)

応用解析セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
下條昌彦 氏 (岡山理科大学)
Behaviors of solutions for a singular prey-predator model and its shadow system
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We study the asymptotic behavior and quenching of solutions for a two-component system of reaction diffusion equations modeling prey-predator interactions in an insular environment. First, we give the global existence of solutions to the corresponding shadow system. Then, by constructing some suitable Lyapunov functionals, we characterize the asymptotic behaviors of global solutions to the shadow system. Also, we give a quenching result for the shadow system. Finally, some global existence results and the asymptotic behavior for the original reaction diffusion system are given.

This is joint work with Jong-Shenq Guo (Tamkang Univ.) and Arnaud Ducrot (Univ. Bordeaux).

2017年07月11日(火)

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
松澤 陽介 氏 (東大数理)
Arithmetic and dynamical degrees of self-maps of algebraic varieties (English or Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
The first dynamical degree is an important birational invariant which measures the geometric complexity of dominant rational self-maps of algebraic varieties. On the other hand, when the variety is defined over a number field, one can associate to an orbit an invariant using Weil height function, called arithmetic degree, which measures the arithmetic complexity of the orbit. It is conjectured that the arithmetic degree of a Zariski dense orbit is equal to the first dynamical degree (Kawaguchi-Silverman). I will explain several results related to this conjecture. I will also explain applications to proofs of purely geometric statements.

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Celeste Damiani 氏 (JSPS, 大阪市立大学)
Some remarkable quotients of virtual braid groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Virtual braid groups are one of the most famous generalizations of braid groups. We introduce a family of quotients of virtual braid groups, called loop braid groups. These groups have been an object of interest in different domains of mathematics and mathematical physics, and can be found in the literature also by names such as groups of permutation-conjugacy automorphisms, braid- permutation groups, welded braid groups, weakly virtual braid groups, untwisted ring groups, and others. We show that they share with braid groups the property of admitting many different definitions. After that we consider a further family of quotients called unrestricted virtual braids, describe their structure and explore their relations with fused links.

博士論文発表会

15:00-16:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
三浦 達哉 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On effects of curvatures of curves, surfaces and graphs (曲線、曲面およびグラフの曲率の効果について)
(ENGLISH)

2017年07月10日(月)

東京確率論セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Mei Yin 氏 (University of Denver)
Phase transitions in exponential random graphs (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Large networks have become increasingly popular over the last decades, and their modeling and investigation have led to interesting and new ways to apply statistical and analytical methods. The introduction of exponential random graphs has aided in this pursuit, as they are able to capture a wide variety of common network tendencies by representing a complex global structure through a set of tractable local features. This talk with focus on the phenomenon of phase transitions in large exponential random graphs. The main techniques that we use are variants of statistical physics but the exciting new theory of graph limits, which has rich ties to many parts of mathematics and beyond, also plays an important role in the interdisciplinary inquiry. Some open problems and conjectures will be presented.

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