代数幾何学セミナー

過去の記録 ~08/18次回の予定今後の予定 08/19~

開催情報 火曜日 15:30~17:00 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
担当者 權業 善範・中村 勇哉・田中公

過去の記録

2018年07月18日(水)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
普段と違う水曜日にセミナーを行います。The seminar will be held on Wednesday. This is a different day from usual.
Jun-Muk Hwang 氏 (KIAS)
Normal Legendrian singularities (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
A germ of a Legendrian subvariety in a holomorphic contact manifold
is called a Legendrian singularity. Legendrian singularities are usually not normal.
We look at some examples of normal Legendrian singularities and discuss their rigidity under deformation.

2018年07月10日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
いつもと部屋が違います。The room is different from usual.
賴青瑞 氏 (国立成功大学)
The effective bound of anticanonical volume of Fano threefolds (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
According to Mori's program, varieties covered by rational curves are
built up from anti-canonically polarized varieties, aka Fano varieties. After fixed the
dimension and singularity type, Fano varieties form a bounded family by Birkar's proof (2016)
of Borisov-Alexeev-Borisov conjecture, which In particular implies that the anticanonical
volume -K^\dim is bounded. In this talk, we focus on canonical Fano threefolds,
where boundedness was established by Koll\'ar-Miyaoka-Mori-Takagi (2000).
Our aim is to find an effective bound of the anticanonical volume -K^3, which is
not explicit either from the work of Koll\'ar-Miyaoka-Mori-Takagi or Birkar. We will discuss
some effectiveness results related to this problem and prove that -K_X^3\leq 72 if \rho(X)\leq 2.
This partially extends early work of Mori, Mukai, Y. Prokhorov, et al.

2018年07月03日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Xun Yu 氏 (Tianjin University)
Surface automorphisms and Salem numbers (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
The entropy of a surface automorphism is either zero or the
logarithm of a Salem number.
In this talk, we will discuss which Salem numbers arise in this way. We
will show that any
supersingular K3 surface in odd characteristic has an automorphism the
entropy of which is
the logarithm of a Salem number of degree 22. In particular, such
automorphisms are
not geometrically liftable to characteristic 0.

2018年06月26日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
渡辺究 氏 (埼玉)
Varieties with nef diagonal (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
For a smooth projective variety $X$, we consider when the diagonal $Δ _X$ is nef as a
cycle on $X \times X$. In particular, we give a classication of complete intersections and smooth
del Pezzo varieties where the diagonal is nef. We also study the nefness of the diagonal for
spherical varieties. This is a joint work with Taku Suzuki.

2018年06月19日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
若林 泰央 氏 (東工大)
Dormant Miura opers and Tango structures (Japanese (writing in English))
[ 講演概要 ]
Tango(丹後)構造とは, 正標数の代数曲線で定義された然るべき直線束であり, (小平消滅定理の反例となるなどの, いわゆる)「病理的な」正標数の代数多様体を構成するうえで基本的な概念です. 本発表では, このTango構造と, 一見すると無関係にも見える幾つかのトピック(dormant Miura oper, 3正則グラフのナンバリング, Gaudin模型の対角化etc.)との結びつきや関連する結果について説明させていただきたく予定です.(各トピックについて発表者はそれほど詳しくありませんので, この機会にぜひ皆さまの知見を伺えればと思っております.)

2018年06月12日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
柴田 崇広 氏 (京都大学)
Ample canonical heights for endomorphisms on projective varieties (English or Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
Given a smooth projective variety on a number field and an
endomorphism on it, we would like to know how the height of a point
grows by iteration of the action of the endomorphism. When the
endomorphism is polarized, Call and Silverman construct the canonical
height, which is an important tool for the calculation of growth of
heights. In this talk, we will give a generalization of the Call-
Silverman canonical heights for not necessarily polarized endomorphisms,
ample canonical heights, and propose an analogue of the Northcott
finiteness theorem as a conjecture. We will see that the conjecture
holds when the variety is an abelian variety or a surface.

2018年05月29日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Alessandra Sarti 氏 (Universit\'e de Poitiers)
Nikulin configurations on Kummer surfaces (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
A Nikulin configuration is the data of
16 disjoint smooth rational curves on a K3 surface.
According to results of Nikulin this means that the K3 surface
is a Kummer surface and the abelian surface in the Kummer structure
is determined by the 16 curves. An old question of Shioda is about the
existence of non isomorphic Kummer structures on the same Kummer K3
surface.
The question was positively answered and studied by several authors, and
it was shown that the number of non-isomorphic Kummer structures is
finite,
but no explicit geometric construction of such structures was given.
In the talk I will show how to construct explicitely non isomorphic
Kummer structures on generic Kummer K3 surfaces.
This is a joint work with X. Roulleau.

2018年05月25日(金)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
普段と違う金曜日にセミナーを行います。The seminar will be held on Friday. This is a different day from usual.
De Qi Zhang 氏 (Singapore)
Endomorphisms of normal projective variety and equivariant-MMP (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We report some recent joint works on polarized or int-amplified endomorphisms f on a normal projective variety X with mild singularities, and prove the pseudo-effectivity of the anti-canonical divisor of X, and the f-equivariance, after replacing f by its power, for every minimal model program starting from X. Fano varieties and Q-abelian varieties turn out to be building blocks having such symmetries. The ground field is closed and of characteristic 0 or at least 7.

2018年05月21日(月)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
今週は月曜日にセミナーを行います。13:30-15:00と15:30-17:00の2講演あります。This week's seminar will be held on Monday and consist of two lectures: 13:30-15:00 and 15:30-17:00.
Christopher Hacon 氏 (Utah/Kyoto)
Towards the termination of flips. (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
The minimal model program (MMP) predicts that if $X$ is a smooth complex projective variety which is not uniruled, then there is a finite sequence of "elementary" birational maps
$X=X_0-->X_1-->X_2-->...-->X_n$ known as divisorial contractions and flips whose output $\bar X=X_n$ is a minimal model so that $K_{\bar X}$ is a nef $Q$-divisor i.e it intersects all curves $C\subset \bar X$ non-negatively: $K_{\bar X}\cdot C\geq 0$.
The existence of these birational maps has been established, but in order to complete the MMP, it is necessary to show that flips terminate i.e. there are no infinite sequences of flips. In this talk we will discuss recent results towards the termination of flips.
[ 講演参考URL ]
https://www.math.utah.edu/~hacon/

2018年05月21日(月)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
今週は月曜日にセミナーを行います。13:30-15:00と15:30-17:00の2講演あります。This week's seminar will be held on Monday and consist of two lectures: 13:30-15:00 and 15:30-17:00.
Will Donovan 氏 (IPMU)
Perverse sheaves of categories and birational geometry (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Kapranov and Schechtman have initiated a program to study perverse sheaves of categories, or perverse schobers. It is expected that examples arise from birational geometry, in particular from webs of flops. I explain progress towards constructing these objects for Grothendieck resolutions (work of the above authors with Bondal), and for 3-folds (joint work of myself and Wemyss).

2018年05月08日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
鈴木拓 氏 (宇都宮大)
Higher order families of lines and Fano manifolds covered by linear
spaces
(Japanese (writing in English))
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, for an embedded Fano manifold $X$, we introduce higher
order families of lines and a new invariant $S_X$. They are line
versions of higher order minimal families of rational curves and the
invariant $N_X$ which were introduced in my previous talk on 4th
November 2016. In addition, $S_X$ is related to the dimension of
covering linear spaces. Our goal is to classify Fano manifolds $X$ which
have large $S_X$.

2018年04月24日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
陳韋中 氏 (東大数理)
BIRATIONAL BOUNDEDNESS OF RATIONALLY CONNECTED CALABI–YAU 3-FOLDS
(English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Firstly, we show that rationally connected Calabi–Yau 3- folds with kawamata log terminal (klt) singularities form a birationally bounded family, or more generally, rationally connected 3-folds of ε-CY type form a birationally bounded family for ε > 0. Then we focus on ε-lc log Calabi–Yau pairs (X, B) such that coefficients of B are bounded from below away from zero. We show that such pairs are log bounded modulo flops. As a consequence, we show that rationally connected klt Calabi–Yau 3-folds with mld bounding away from 1 are bounded modulo flops.

2018年04月17日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
奥村 克彦 氏 (早稲田理工)
SNC log symplectic structures on Fano products (English/Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
In 2014, Lima and Pereira gave a characterization of the even-dimensional projective space in terms of log symplectic Poisson structures. After that Pym gave an another more algebraic proof. In this talk, we will extend the result of Lima and Pereira to the case that the variety is a product of Fano varieties with the cyclic Picard group. This will be proved by extending Pym's proof. As a corollary, we will obtain a characterization of the projective space of all dimensions.

2018年04月09日(月)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
今週は月曜日にセミナーを行います。13:30-15:00と15:30-17:00の2講演あります。This week's seminar will be held on Monday and consist of two lectures: 13:30-15:00 and 15:30-17:00.
Luca Rizzi 氏 (Udine)
Adjoint forms on algebraic varieties (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
The so called adjoint theory was introduced by A. Collino and G.P. Pirola in the case of smooth algebraic curves and then generalized by G.P. Pirola and F. Zucconi in the case of smooth algebraic varieties of arbitrary dimension.
The main idea of this theory is to study particular differential forms, called adjoint forms, on an algebraic variety to obtain information on the infinitesimal deformations of the variety itself.
The natural context for the application of this theory is given by Torelli-type problems, in particular infinitesimal Torelli problems.

2018年04月09日(月)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
今週は月曜日にセミナーを行います。13:30-15:00と15:30-17:00の2講演あります。This week's seminar will be held on Monday and consist of two lectures: 13:30-15:00 and 15:30-17:00.
David Hyeon 氏 (ソウル大学校)
Commuting nilpotents, punctual Hilbert schemes and jet bundles (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Pairs of commuting nilpotent matrices have been extensively studied, especially from the view point of quivers, but the space of commuting nilpotents modulo simultaneous conjugation has not received any attention at all despite its moduli theory flavor. I will explain how a 'moduli space' can be constructed via two different methods and demonstrate many interesting properties of the space:

- It is isomorphic to an open subscheme of a punctual Hilbert scheme.
- Over the field of complex numbers, it is diffeomorphic to a direct sum of twisted tangent bundles over a projective space.
- It is isomorphic to a bundle of regular jets.
- It gives examples of affine space bundles that are not vector bundles.

This is a joint work with W. Haboush (Illinois) and G. Bérczi (Zurich).

2018年01月26日(金)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
髙木寛通 氏 (東大数理)
On classification of prime Q-Fano 3-folds with only 1/2(1,1,1)-singularities and of genus less than 2
[ 講演概要 ]
I classified prime Q-Fano threefolds with only 1/2(1,1,1)-singularities and of genus greater than 1 (2002, Nagoya Math. J.).
In this talk, I will explain how the method in that paper can be extended to the case of genus less than 2. The method is so called two ray game. By this method, I can classify the possibilities of such Q-Fano's. The classification is not yet completed since constructions of examples in certain cases are difficult. I will also explain some pretty examples in this talk.

2017年12月26日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
藤田 健人 氏 (RIMS)
K-stability of log Fano hyperplane arrangements (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We completely determine which log Fano hyperplane arrangements are uniformly K-stable, K-stable, K-polystable, K-semistable or not.

2017年12月14日(木)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
普段と曜日・部屋が異なります
Gerard van der Geer 氏 (Universiteit van Amsterdam)
Algebraic curves and modular forms of low degree (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
For genus 2 and 3 modular forms are intimately connected with the moduli of curves of genus 2 and 3. We give an explicit way to describe such modular forms for genus 2 and 3 using invariant theory and give some applications. This is based on joint work with Fabien Clery and Carel Faber.

2017年12月14日(木)

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Linquan Ma 氏 (University of Utah)
Perfectoid test ideals (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Inspired by the recent solution of the direct summand conjecture
of Andre and Bhatt, we introduce perfectoid multiplier/test ideals in mixed
characteristic. As an application, we obtain a uniform bound on the growth
of symbolic powers in regular local rings of mixed characteristic analogous
to results of Ein--Lazarsfeld--Smith and Hochster--Huneke in equal
characteristic. This is joint work with Karl Schwede.

2017年12月05日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
佐藤 謙太 氏 (東大数理)
Ascending chain condition for F-pure thresholds on a fixed strongly F-regular germ (English or Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
For a germ of a variety in positive characteristic and a non-zero ideal sheaf on the variety, we can define the F-pure threshold of the ideal by using Frobenius morphisms, which measures the singularities of the pair. In this talk, I will show that the set of all F-pure thresholds on a fixed strongly F-regular germ satisfies the ascending chain condition. This is a positive characteristic analogue of the "ascending chain condition for log canonical thresholds" in characteristic 0, which was recently proved by Hacon, McKernan, and Xu.

2017年11月28日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
田中 公 氏 (東大数理)
Kodaira vanishing theorem for Witt canonical sheaves (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We establish an analogue of the Kodaira vanishing theorem in terms of de Rham-Witt complex. More specifically, given a smooth projective variety over a perfect field of positive characteristic, we prove that the higher cohomologies vanish for the tensor product of the Witt canonical sheaf and the Teichmuller lift of an ample invertible sheaf.

2017年11月21日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Frédéric Campana 氏 (Université de Lorraine/KIAS)
Orbifold rational connectedness (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
The first step in the decomposition by canonical fibrations with fibres of `signed' canonical bundle of an arbitrary complex projective manifolds $X$ is its `rational quotient' (also called `MRC' fibration): it has rationally connected fibres and non-uniruled base. In general, the further steps (such as the Moishezon-Iitaka fibration) of this decomposition will require the consideration of 'orbifold base' of fibrations in order to deal with the multiple fibres (as seen already for elliptic surfaces). One thus needs to work in the larger category of (smooth) `orbifold pairs' $(X,D)$ to achieve this decomposition. The aim of the talk is thus to introduce the notions of Rational Connectedness and 'rational quotient' in this context, by means of suitable equivalent notions of negativity for the orbifold cotangent bundle (suitably defined. When $D$ is reduced, this is just the usual Log-version). The expected equivalence with connecting families of `orbifold rational curves' remains however presently open.

2017年11月14日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Meng Chen 氏 (Fudan )
A characterization of the birationality of 4-canonical maps of minimal 3-folds (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We explain the following theorem: For any minimal 3-fold X of general type with p_g>4, the 4-canonical map is non-birational if and only if X is birationally fibred by a pencil of (1,2) surfaces. The statement fails in the case of p_g=4.

2017年11月07日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
村山 匠 氏 (ミシガン大学)
Characterizations of projective space and Seshadri constants in arbitrary characteristic
[ 講演概要 ]
Mori and Mukai conjectured that projective space should be the only n-dimensional Fano variety whose anti-canonical bundle has degree at least n + 1 along every curve. While this conjecture has been proved in characteristic zero, it remains open in positive characteristic. We will present some progress in this direction by giving another characterization of projective space using Seshadri constants and the Frobenius morphism. The key ingredient is a positive-characteristic analogue of Demailly’s criterion for separation of higher-order jets by adjoint bundles, whose proof gives new results for adjoint bundles even in characteristic zero.

2017年10月31日(火)

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Zhan Li 氏 (Beijing)
ACC for log canonical threshold polytopes (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We show that the log canonical threshold polytopes of varieties with log canonical singularities satisfy the ascending chain condition. This is a joint work with Jingjun Han and Lu Qi.

123456789 次へ >